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严格法规及日益增加的消费者期望对白家电行业提出电机驱动新挑战

2016-03-22 09:43:29     来源:电子产品世界         w88优德注册

【DABITEDAODU】ZHENGRUWOMENJIANGKANDAODE,ZHEIYIQIEDOUPOSHITA MENKAIFAGENGJINCOU、GAONENGXIAODECHANPIN,YUNXINGGENGANJINGZHICHIGENGZHANGDESHIYONG SHIJIAN。XIAWENZHEYANYUZAIDIANJIQUDONGQIICZHONGCHENGDANZUIXINCHUANGXINDEYUANSUHE BAIJIADIANSHEJIZHONGDEZHINENGGONGLVMOKUAI(IPM)JISHUSUOTIGONG。

白家电/家电制造商正经历艰难时期。他们不仅需要使他们的产品在一个极具竞争力性的市场对消费者更有吸引 力,同时必须遵循越来越严格的环境准则(如北美能源之星 和欧盟的92/75/EC)。正如我们将看到的,这一切都迫使他 们开发更紧凑、高能效的产品,运行更安静支持更长的使用 时间。下文着眼于在电机驱动器IC中承担最新创新的元素和 白家电设计中的智能功率模块(IPM)技术所提供。

w88优德注册ZAIYAZHOU、FEIZHOUHENANMEIXUNSUKUOZHANGDERENKOUJIQUANQIUCHIXUDEJING JIFAZHANDAOZHIQUANQIUZONGNENGHAORIYIPANSHENG——GUOJINENGYUANJIGOU(IEA)YU CEQUANQIUNENGYUANXUQIUCONGXIANZAIDAO2040NIANJIANJIANGZENGJIA37%。HUASHIRANLIAOCHU BEIRIYIJIANSHAO、SHEHUIYUELAIYUEZHONGSHIDETANPAIFANGDESHENGTAIYINGXIANG,RENMENRENG RANMEIYOUZHENZHENGDAGUIMODEKEZAISHENGNENGYUAN。

一 当前现状

世界各国政府正强制执行立法措施以节省能耗,应对 能源成本上升、某些石油生产国政治上,不安定和对环境可 能 造 成 无 法 恢 复的 。

美 国 能 源 部 (DoE) 于2 0 1 4 年9 月 制 定 标 准 , 以 提 升 冰 箱 和 冰 柜 的 能 效 , 执 行 标 准 的 以 后 生 产 的 新 型 产 品 需 降 低2 0 % 的 能 耗 。  

 

TU1 DIANJIQUDONGQIYONGTU

 

 

TU2 BAIJIADIANDIANJIQUDONGQI

GUJI,ZHEIJIANGZAIJIEXIALAIDE30NIANJIESHENGYUE4.84 x 1015DEYINGGUOREDANWEI DELEIJINENGLIANG(XIANGDANGYUMUQIANMEIGUOJIATINGZHILENGCHANPINNIANXIAOHAOZONGNENGLIANGDE3 BEI)。ZHENGFUJIGOUXIANZHENGJINYIBUZHENDUIFANGJIANKONGDIAOHEXIYIJIDETEBIEBIAO ZHUN,ZAIMOUXIEQINGKUANGXIAJIANGYAOQIUTISHENG35%DENENGXIAO。RIBEN,KUANGCHANDENGZI RANNENGYUANKUIFA,CHANNENGXIAJIANG,ZHENGZUOCHUJIDANULIJIANSHAODIANLIXIAOHAO。 ZIYINGXIANGGUANGFANDERIBENLINGPAOZHEJIHUA(BUJINBAOKUOBAIJIADIAN,HAIBAOKUOLU JU、RESHUIQI、DIANNAO、KONGDIAO、ZIDONGSHOUHUOJI、BANGONGSHEBEIDENG)QUANMIAN QIDONGYILAI,TONGGUODUCUZHIZAOSHANGZUNXUNQIZHUNZEHEWEIFANZHUNZEDECAIQU “DIANMINGPIPING”DEFANGSHI,YIXIANZHUTISHENGNENGXIAO。

二 消费者压力

w88优德注册CONG XIAO FEI ZHE DE JIAO DU , YOU XU DUO SHU XING HUI SHI BAI SEJIA DIAN GENG JU XI YIN LI。ZHIZAOSHANGXUYAOZHUYISHICHANPINYUJINGZHENGDUISHOUDECHANPINQUBIEKAILAI。ZHEILIZUIZHIDEZHUYIYOUJIDIAN:

w88优德注册1. XIAOFEIZHEGOUMAIJIADIANSHIHENJINGMING。TAMENYISHIDAOJINGUANCHANPINJIA GEKENENGYOUJUXIYINLIDEBIAOJIA,DANQIGONGZUOGUOCHENGZHONGDEYUNXINGCHENGBENKENENG GENGGAO,CONGERHENKUAIXIAOCHURENHEJIAGEYOUSHI。KESHISHIXIANSHIGONGZUONENGXIAO、 BUHUIGUODUOXIAOHAODIANDEJIADIANCHANPIN,SHOUJIAKENDINGLVEGAO。

w88优德注册2. KEKAODEYUNXINGJIBENSHANGSHIJIDINGDE。RUGUOYIKUANCHANPINWUFAKE KAODEYUNXING,NEIMEZHIZAOSHANGSHIZAIZAQIZHAOPAI。

3. KEYIJIZUIDAHUANEIBUCHICUNXIAOFEIZHETIGONGGENGDUODEFUJIAZHI。 YOUGENGDUOKEYONGNEIBUCUNCHUKONGJIANBINGXIANG,HUOYOUGENGDAFUZAIRONGLIANGDEXIYIJI GENGYOUKENENGXIYINXIAOFEIZHE。

4. 制造商正被迫推出可提供更好用户体验的白家电设计。例如,由压缩机电机引起冰箱嗡嗡噪声。一直令消费者 烦恼,必须尽一切努力减少噪声。

三 待克服的技术问题

w88优德注册XIAOFEIZHEHELIFADONGTAISUOTUIDONG,BAIJIADIANSHEJIZHENGJINGLICHEDIGAI BIAN。GUOQUDEPANGDASHEBEIXUYAOYOUGENGSHISHANG、GENGDUOKEYONGKONGJIANDEJINGJISHE JIQUDAI。YOUYUJIADIANDEJINCOUDUCHENGWEIYIGEYUELAIYUEZHONGYAODEMAIDIAN,QI ZUJIANDAXIAOXUYAOGENQUSHI——TEBIESHIDIANJI。

四 白家电中的电机类型及用途

DIANJI(JIYASUOJIHEFENGSHAN)ZHENGBEIZHENGHEZHIXIANDAICHUFANGHUOZAWUJIANDE GEZHONGYINGJIAN。GENJUYINGYONGKESHIYONGGEZHONGBUTONGDEDIANJILEIXING,RUJIAOLIUGAN YING、YOUSHUAHEWUSHUAZHILIU,WULUNSHIDANXIANGHUO3XIANGTUOPUJIEGOU。PEIBEIDEDIANJIQUDONGQIJIANGBAOHANBIYAODEGONGLVKAIGUANYUANJIAN。ZHEIJIANGFUZHIYIDIANJIKONGZHIQI,JICHENGQUEDINGWEIZHIHETIGONGSUDUKONGZHIDEGONGNENG,JIYOUHUADIANJIYUNXINGSHIDEZONGNENGXIAODENENGLI。

w88优德注册1. 12 V QIAOQUDONGQI,DAIJINGTIGUANSHUCHU;

w88优德注册2. 12 VWUSHUAZHILIUDIANJIQUDONGQI,DAIJINGTIGUANSHUCHU;

3. 24 VWUSHUAZHILIUDIANJIQUDONGQI,DAIJINGTIGUANSHUCHU;

4. QUDONG240 VXITONGDE3XIANGWUSHUAZHILIUYUQUDONGKONGZHIQI;

w88优德注册5. QUDONG600 VXITONGDEWUSHUAZHILIUDIANJIQUDONGQI。

五 主要的白家电电机应用

w88优德注册1. BINGXIANG——FENGSHANDIANJIQUDONGQIQUDONGNEIBUFENGSHAN,ERWAIBUFENG SHANYOUWUSHUAZHILIUDIANJIQUDONGWAIBUFENGSHAN。BUJINDIANJIQUDONGQIZHIXINGZIDONGGUOLVQINGXIHEZUNIGONGNENG。RUGUOYOUZIDONGZHIBINGJIZEZHENGHELIANGGEYOUSHUADIAN JI。YINCIKENENGGONGXUYAO5GEDIANJI。

2. 空调——无刷直流电机w88优德注册负责驱动内部和外部风扇。 步进电机执行自动过滤清洗功能。包括一个步进电机,控制 导出空气。

w88优德注册3.XIYIJI/HONGGANJI——WUSHUAZHILIUDIANJIQUDONGFENGSHANYICHANSHENGGAN ZAODEKONGQI,YIJIGONG/PAISHUI。YOUBUJINDIANJIWANCHENGKONGZHIGANZAOKONGQIDE WENDU。

GUO QU , XI YI JI HE BING XIANG AN ZHAO “ QUAN BU HUO MEI YOU ” DE YUAN LI GONG ZUO。JINSHINIANZUOYOU,YUELAIYUELIUXINGXIYIJIZHICHIDUOZHONGSUDUMOSHI,KE DUIBUTONGDAXIAOFUZAIZUOCHUXIANGYING,CONGERTIGAONENGXIAO。TONGYANGDI,BINGXIANGYA SUOJIYEBUSHIWUSHISHEBEINEIBUWENDU,JIANDANDIBAOCHIQUANSUYUNXING。TONGGUO GENGZHINENGDEQUDONGXITONGSHEJI,JIANGYASUOJIDESUDUYUSUOXUDEWENDUSHUIPING XIANGPIPEI。SHIXIANGENGGAONENGXIAODEQIANTISHINENGJINGQUEDIKONGZHIDIANJISUDU。

JIANG LAI , DIAN JI JIANG BU ZHI TI GONG QIANG DA DE XING NENG , HAI JU YOU XIAO DE CHICUN。 ERQIEJIADIANZHUANZHIGENGXIAOWAIXINGYOUREGUANLIDEYINGXIANG——XITONGCHANSHENGDEREJIANGBEIXIANZHIZAIGENGXIAODEKONGJIAN。REQIANGDUDETIGAOHUIDUISHEBEICHANSHENGYALI,DAOZHIKEKAOXINGWENTI。YIZHONGJIEJUEFANGFASHISHIYONGEWAIDELENGQUEJIEGOU,DAN ZHEIHUIZENGJIAGONGLVYUSUAN,SUOYIBUKEXING。LINGYIZHONGGENGYOUDETUJINGSHITIGAO NENGXIAOSHUIPINGYIJIANSHAOREXIAOHAO。ANSENMEIBANDAOTITIGONGYONGYUBAIJIADIANYINGYONG DEBUTONGDIANJIQUDONGQI,NENGKEFURUQIANSUOSHUDESHEJITIAOZHAN。

 

 

w88优德注册TU3 IPMMOKUAIZHONGDUANYINGYONG

六 实现更智能和更高集成度的电机驱动器方案

由于白家电设计的空间限制和能效要求,工程师多采 用更多基于IPM(智能功率模块)的集成的电机驱动方案。这 将所需的各种元件压缩为一个高度集成的混合IC模块,采用高密度封装。但传统的IPM有一定的缺点。由于布线和布局问题,框架结构中无源元件的位置可能会有问题。贴装后,通常在焊外会产生可靠性问题。

ANSENMEIBANDAOTIYITONGGUOJUEYUANJINSHUJIBANJISHU(I M ST ) DEKAI FA,JIANGZISHENDINGWEIWEIIPMSHEJIDEQIANYAN。IMSTSHIZAILVBANSHANGXINGCHENG DIAN ZI DIAN LU —— WU YUAN YUAN JIAN ( DIAN ZU 、 DIAN RONG DENG ) 、 FEN LI YUAN JIAN ( ER JI GUAN、JINGTIGUANDENG)JIASHANGGENGFUZADEIC(MENJIQUDONGQI、SHUZIXINHAOCHU LIQIDENG)DOUANZHUANGZAIXIANGTONGDEJIBENSHANG。IMSTTIGONGGAORECHUANDAOHEGONGZUO QIANGGUXING。ZHEIFANGANKEJIANSHAOYUANJIANSHUHEZHANBANMIANJI(YINERKESHIYONGJIAOYI QIANGENGXIAOWAIXINGDEMOKUAI)。YUANJIANXIANGDANGRONGYIANZHUANG,JIDAJIANSHAOSUOXUBU XIAN。DEYIYUZAILVBANHETONGBOTUANZHIJIANDEJUEYUANSHUZHICHANSHENGDEFENBUSHI DIANRONG,IMSTZHENGMINGZAIJIANSHAOYOUKAIGUANYINQIDEDIANCIGANRAO(EMI)FANGMIANJI WEIYOUXIAO。YINCI,WENDINGANJINGDEDIANJIYUNXINGKECONGZHONGSHOUYI。

w88优德注册ANSENMEIBANDAOTIDEIPMCAIYONGDANLIEZHICHASHIFENGZHUANG(SIP)YIZENGJIA ANZHUANGLINGHUOXING(MOKUAIKESHUIPINGHUOCHUIZHIYUQIANTIEZHUANG)。BUCUNZAIRENHETAOCI CENG(JUEYUAN/JIXIEWENDINGXINGYONGTU)DEQUESHIYIWEIZHEIMSTNENGSHIXIANGENGHAODE JIEDI。ZHUSUCHENGXINGJIAQIANGYUANJIANNIANHENENGSHIXIAN,YIDUIHANJIEDIANSHIJIAGENGSHAO DEYALI。

YOUYUICHEZIXITONGDECHUANGXIN(ZHUOYUEDEFENGZHUANGHETIEZHUANGJISHU),JIGENG HAODESHEJISHIJIAN,GONGCHENGSHIJIANGNENGWEISHICHANGDAILAIXINYIDAIBAIJIADIAN。ZHEI JIANGGENGNENGFUHEDIANYUANNENGXIAO、JINCOU/QINGXINGJIAGOUHEANJINGYUNXINGDEGENGGAOYAO QIU,CONGERKEZUIDAMANZUXIAOFEIZHEQIWANGHEHUANJINGZHUNZE。


声明:转载此文是出于传递更多信息之目的。若有来源标注错误或侵犯了您的合法权益,请与我

们联系,我们将及时更正、删除,谢谢。

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