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特朗普改口“示好” 中美贸易战为电子制造业带来新契机

2017-04-11 17:43:57     来源:微电机世界网     作者:魏倩    

【DABITEDAODU】ZHONGMEIMAOYIDUILEIRUTURUHUO,ZHUANJIAZHIYANBEIHOUSHILIANGGEDAGUOZHIZAOYEDEBOYI,ZHEICHANGLONGHUZHIZHENGNIYAOZHONGYANXIRIDE“RIMEIBANDAOTIZHAN”,ZHONGGUODIANZIZHIZAOYESHOUDAJIBUKEBIMIAN,DANMEIFANGJINGZHENGDAOBIDEJIEGUO,YEJIANGJILIZHONGGUOZAIJISHUSHANGXUNQIUTUPO。ER4YUE8HAO,LIANFANGDUORIHENHUADETELANGPUTURANGAIKOU“SHIHAO”,MAOYIZHANYAOJIESHULE?

对垒如荼如火,专家直言背后是两个大国制造业的博弈,这场龙虎之争拟要重演昔日的“日美半导体战”,中国电子制造业受打击不可避免,但美方竞争倒逼的结果,也将激励中国在技术上寻求突破。而4月8号,连放多日狠话的特朗普突然改口“示好”,贸易战要结束了?

电子制造业

贸易争端背后是制造业的博弈

w88优德注册ZHONGMEIMAOYIZHANSHIYICHANGGONGJIANZHAN、CHIXUZHAN,ZAIMAOSIHEPINGDEJINGZHENGDAOBIZHONG,SHUANGFANGSHICHANGDOUZAOSHOUZHONGDADAJI。

根据双方拟定的征税产品清单来看,美国征税瞄准我国计划重点发展的先进制造和高科技领域,基本来自“w88优德注册”产业范围,而中国精准打击美国软肋,征税侧重新能源汽车及农产品等领域。

DUIWAIJINGJIMAOYIDAXUEJIAOSHOUTUXINQUANSHUO,MAOYISHIBIAO,ZHIZAOSHIBEN,ZHONGMEIMAOYIJINZHANGGUANXIDEBEIHOUSHIMEIGUODUINENGFOUBAOCHIXIANJINZHIZAOHESHIYECHUANGXIN“LINGDAOLI”DEDANYOU,ZHEICHANGMAOYIZHENGDUANBEIHOUSHIZHIZAOYEDEBOYI。

中国是全球公认的制造大国,也是唯一一个横跨高中低端的超级工业大国。w88优德注册据世界银行数据,中国制造业产值已连续7年居世界首位,占全球的比重超过1/3,增加值在世界排名第一,占比达到20.8%。

w88优德注册DANZHENZHENGRANGTELANGPUZHENGFUYINQIZHONGSHIDESHI,2017NIANZHONGMEIMAOYIZONGZHIZENGZHANGLE15.2%,QUEZHIZHANZHONGGUOJINCHUKOUZONGZHIDE14.2%,ZHEIJIANGYIWEIZHEMEIGUORENZAIJINGJISHANG,YIJIANJIANSANGSHIEZHIZHONGGUOJUEQIDENENGLI。

ERWEILEJINYIBUSHIXIAN2025NIAN“ZHIZAOQIANGGUO”ZHIMENG,WOGUOMINGQUEZHICHU“YIJIAKUAIXINYIDAIXINXIJISHUYUZHIZAOYESHENDURONGHEWEIZHUXIAN”,ZHEIZHESHIWEIXIEDAOLEYIGAODUANWEIZHUDEMEIGUOSHICHANG,TELANGPUYECONGZHONGKANDAOLEBULIQUSHI。

此外,世界知识产权组织3月21日在日内瓦发布报告,报告显示2017年中国成为第二大国际申请国w88优德注册,仅排在美国之后,是全球唯一申请量年增长率达到两位数的国家。报告预测,以目前发展趋势,中国有望三年内赶超美国,成为“领跑者”。

在较为薄弱的技术领域,中国寻求收购兼并实现技术融合。据大比特记者了解,跨境并购交易数最集中的行业是电子制造业,其中2016年是中国海外并购的制高点,2017年跨境并购交易达400多综,总额达9600亿元人民币,同期相比虽有1.7%的下滑,但在全球并购市场依旧高歌猛进

ERZAI301DIAOCHABAOGAOZHONG,GUANYUHAIWAIBINGGOUNEIRONGZHANDAOJIHUYIBANDEPIANFU,MEIFANGCHENGZHONGGUOQIYEZAI“ZHONGGUOZHIZAO2025”ZHONGDEZHANLVEXINGXINGYEFENGKUANGDIBINGGOU,HUOQUMEIGUODEJISHU,HAIKUADAXUANRANWEISHIFEIFADESHANGYEHEIKEXINGWEI,BUGUOZHEIFENDIAOCHAJIEGUOYINFAYENEIZHUANJIAPENGJI。

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中国电子制造业很受伤

w88优德注册DIANZIXINGYEYANJIUSUOBIAOSHI,MUQIANXINGYEZHENGZAIJINRUJIASUFAZHANQI,ZAIQUANQIUJINGZHENGGEJUDEDIWEIYUELAIYUEZHONGYAO,ZHONGMEIMAOYIZHANDUANQINEIHUIDUIZHONGGUODIANZIZHIZAOCHANYEDAILAIBULIDEYINGXIANG。

ERMEIGUOSHANGWUBUZHANGLUOSIZAIJIESHOUMEITICAIFANGSHIQUEBIAOSHI,ZHONGGUODEYINGDUICUOSHIBUHUIPOHUAIMEIGUOJINGJI,YEBULINGRENYIWAI,“ZHONGGUOJIAZHENGDEGUANSHUIZHIZHANMEIGUOGDPDE0.3%,BUHUIDUIMEIGUOGOUCHENGWEIXIE”。

中美博弈

w88优德注册ZHONGMEIMAOYIRENGCHUZAIZHUIGANJIEDUAN,SHUANGFANGCHAJUSHENWEI,DANBUFEN“BAOXIBUBAOYOU”DEMEITI,YIDUXUANRANKUADAZHONGGUOZHIZAOYEJUEQI,MEIGUOSHICHANGSHUAIBAI,SHIGUOMINPUBIANCHUYU“YOUSHIHUANXIANG”ZHIZHONG。DANCONGGEFANGMIANLAIKAN,YANZHONGYILAICHUKOUDEZHONGGUOCHUJINGGENGWEIGANGA。ZHEILIWOMENCONGSHUANGFANGMAOYIE、CHUKOUSHANGPINYIJIJISHUGONGYINGSANFANGQIANXIZHONGGUOZAIZHEICHANGMAOYIZHANZHONGHUOJIANGCHANSHENGDEYINGXIANG。

w88优德注册SHOUXIANSHISHUANGFANGMAOYIELAIKAN。GENJUZHONGMEIMAOYISHUJUXIANSHI,ZHONGGUOCONGMEIGUOJINKOUDESHANGPINDAYUEZAI1200YIMEIYUAN,MEIGUOCONGZHONGGUOJINKOUDESHANGPINQUEDADAOLE4700YIMEIYUAN,ZHONGGUODECHUKOUESHIMEIGUODEJINSIBEI。CIWAI,MEIGUODUIZHONGGUOCHUKOUSHANGPINJINZHANMEIGUONIANDUZONGCHUKOUEDUDE7.6%,GDPDE0.6%,CHUKOUMAOYIYICUNDUJINWEI0.67%,SHIZHONGGUODUIMEIGUODEWUFENZHIYI。SUOYI,JIBIANSHIQUELEZHONGGUOSHICHANG,MEIGUOJINGJIYEBUHUICHANSHENGTAIDABODONG,DANZHONGGUOSHICHANG,YOUQIYANZHONGYILAICHUKOUDEZHONGXIAOQIYEBIRANZAOSHOUCHENZHONGDAJI。

w88优德注册QICISHICHUKOUDESHANGPINZHONGLEI。ZHONGGUOSHIJIDIANCHANPINDIYISHENGCHANDAGUO,JUMEIFANGTONGJI,2016NIANCHUKOUMEIGUODEJIDIANCHANPINZHANBI26.3%,DADAO2369YIMEIYUAN,MEIGUOSHIZHONGGUOJIDIANCHANPINDIYIDACHUKOUSHICHANG。YIDANLAKAIMAOYIZHAN,ZHEIXIECHANPINDECHUKOUQUANBUSHOUDAOXIANZHI,SUIZHIERLAIDESHIGONGCHANGDEDAOBI,SHIYELVDESHANGSHENG,YUANBENJIUYIBUKANZHONGFUDESHIYEJIANGHUIXUESHANGJIASHUANG。

DUIWAIJINGJIMAOYIDAXUEWTOYANJIUYUANYUANZHANGTUXINQUANSHUO:“JINGGUOWOMENJISUANKEJIAN,JIXIEQIJU、DIANQISHEBEIJIQILINGJIAN、ZHONGFANGSHEBEIJIQILINGJIAN...SHICICIMEIGUODUIHUAJIASHUIQINGDANZHONGZHANBIZUIDADEPINLEI,YUESHEJI345YIMEIYUAN,ZHANBI74.33%,CONGJUEDUISHULAIKAN,ZHEIGESHUEHAISHIHENDADE。”

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贸易摩擦也是产业升级的契机

ZHONGMEIMAOYISHICHIJIUZHAN,BEIHOUDEZHENXIANGYEYIZAIJUSHA“ZHONGGUOZHIZAO2025”,DUIWOGUODIANZIZHIZAOYEJIANGCHANSHENGFUMIANYINGXIANG,DANFEIZHIYOUHUAICHU,ZHUANJIAZHICHUZHEICIMAOYIMOCAKENENGFANERSHICHANYESHENGJIDEQIJI。

w88优德注册SHANGHAICAIJINGDAXUEJIAOSHOUSHENGSONGCHENGCHENG,ZHONGMEIMAOYITONG1987NIAN-1991NIANDE“RIMEIBANDAOTIZHAN”YOUHENDUOXIANGSIZHICHU,RIBENZAIMAOYILINGYUYEBINGMEIYOUBEIDANGNIANRIMEIZHIJIANDEMAOYIZHANDAKUA。

w88优德注册ZAIBANDAOTIXINGYEZAOQI,RIBENTONGJINRIDEZHONGGUOYIYANG,PINGJIEDIJIAXINPIANDEJIAGEQUSHENGMOSHIDUIMEIGUOCHANYEZAOCHENGZHONGDACHONGJI,CONG1984NIANDAO1989NIAN,RIBENBANDAOTIZAIMEIGUODESHICHANGFENECONG14.3%TIGAODAO26.6%,ERMEIGUOZAIRIBENSHICHANGDEFENEYIZHIPAIHUAIZAI10%SHANGXIA。MEIGUOERHOUYIFANQINGXIAO、FANTOUZI、FANBINGGOU(GENJINRIMEIGUOYI“301DIAOCHA”NEIRONGWEIJICHUQIANSHUDUIHUAZENGJIA25%GUANSHUIDESHOUDUANYIYANG)DENGSHOUDUANJINXINGMAOYIBAOHU,ZUIGAOSHIDUIXIANGGUANCHANPINJIASHOU100%GUANSHUI,ERRIBENTONGYANGDUIMEICHUKOUCHANPINJINXINGJIAGEGUANZHI,TIGAOLERIBENCHANPINZAIMEIGUODEJIAGE。

w88优德注册DANZAIZHEIGEGUOCHENGZHONG,RIBENZAIBANDAOTIGONGYEFALI,SHISHILECHAODAGUIMOJICHENGDIANLUDEGONGTONGZUHEJISHUCHUANGXINXINGDONGXIANGMU(VLSI),TOUZI720YIRIYUAN,ZUIZHONGSHIXIANLEBANDAOTICHANYEHEXINGONGXINGJISHUDETUPO。RIBENZAIWEIDIANZILINGYUDEJISHUSHUIPINGHENKUAIGANSHANGMEIGUO,RIBENGONGSIYEJIECIQIANGZHANLEXINPIANSHICHANGDEXIANJI。

w88优德注册MEIFANGZAIMEIGUOSHICHANGSHANGJINGZHENGDAOBIDEJIEGUO,FANERJILILERIBENJISHUTUPO,JINRIDEZHONGMEIMAOYIHUOJIANGZHONGYANXIRISHENGKUANG,JILIZHONGGUOZAIJISHUSHANGXUNQIUTUPO。

GUANGZHOURUISONGKEJIZHINENGJISHUYANJIUYUANZONGJINGLITANGGUOBAOBIAOSHI,DUICHUKOUERYAN,SHENGCHANZHIZAOGUOCHENGZHONGDALIANGDEJINGMIYUANQIJIANLAIZIRIBEN、HANGUO、OUZHOUDENGDI。SUIRANXIANGGUANGONGYINGSHANGZAIKAOLVRUHEYINGDUIFENGXIAN,DAN“CHELIZHONGGUO”KENDINGBUZAIXUANXIANGZHILIE。

而4月8日,特朗普先后多次发推文有意“示好”,实是忽悠,贸易战一旦开打,就不会轻易结束,中国企业应当做好应对措施,提高抗风险能力。

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中美贸易 电子制造业
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